Bladder Infections and Inflammation


CYSTITIS is the medical term referring to inflammation of the bladder, usually caused by bacterial infection, and normally confined to the bladder only. If the infection ascends the ureters to the kidneys, a more serious infection called pyelonephritis (when generalised) or nephronia (when focal) may occur. Learn more….

Download pdf here: NIDDK UTI Summary

Urethral Syndrome

Urethral Syndrome refers to a primarily female syndrome in which women suffer from irritative bladder symptoms (urinary frequency, urgency, burning, and more) in the absence of any objective urologic findings. Learn more….

Interstitial Cystitis

Interstitial cystitis refers to an uncomfortable and annoying inflammatory condition of the bladder. The classic symptoms of IC include urinary frequency and suprapubic pain. The IC patient has a small capacity, irritated bladder. No one is certain of the cause. A good starting point for learning more about this condition is the National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) website… you can download their excellent IC summary here.